VISIT THE WONDERFUL STON (CROATIA) AND LEARN ABOUT ITS RICH HISTORY!
Hello dear readers! If you would like to visit a fascinating historical settlement, you've come to the right place. Today I'm taking you to Ston, Croatia! We visited Ston town back in March 2023. As was the case with our last visit to Ston six years ago, this too was an unplanned visit, a spur of the moment thing. My aunt and uncle were there for a Seafood festival, so we drove to Ston to meet them. We enjoyed a nice walk and grabbed a cup of coffee with them. We didn't have the time to linger or to join the food festival. My working hours are insane this year and the work never seems to end. At the same time, the prices of living are skyrocketing, so despite being exhausted, I'm always looking for additional work. So, as you can imagine I was very grateful for this short trip and a little break.
The weather was simply perfect, sunny and warm. I do love that about the Mediterranean climate- you can count on it to deliver those perfect sunny days as early as March! One of the perks of living in Croatia (more specifically the coastal part) is the weather. The other is also specific for the Mediterranean region and that is the abundance of history and culture. As you know, I love being a tourist in my own country. Learning more about our fascinating history always makes me happy!
If you want to see more of this town and read about it, Saltworks Ston is a nice site. Walls of Ston is also worthy of visit. Scroll down to learn and see more on my blog.
Because of its geopolitical and strategic position, Ston has had a rich history since ancient times. Located at the gates of the peninsula, surrounded by three seas, protected by four hills, rich in fresh water and saltwater, fertile plains, it has been an important political, cultural and ecclesiastical centre. There may have been a bishop at Ston as early as the late 7th or early 8th century.
Initially it was an Illyrian settlement until the Romans established their own colony there, in 167 BC.
Demolition work began on the walls following the fall of the Republic. Later the Austrian authorities took materials away from the wall to build schools and community buildings, and also for a triumphal arch on the occasion of the visit by the Austrian Emperor in 1884. The wall around Mali Ston was demolished with the excuse that it was damaging the health of the people. The demolition was halted after World War II.
The wall, today 5.5 kilometres long, links Ston to Mali Ston, and is in the shape of an irregular pentangle. It was completed in the 15th century, along with its 40 towers (20 of which have survived) and 5 fortresses. Within, three streets were laid from north to south and three others from east to west. Thus, fifteen equal blocks were formed with 10 houses in each. Residential buildings around the edges. The Gothic Republic Chancellery and the Bishop's Palace are outstanding among the public buildings.
The main streets are 6 m wide (except the southern street which is 8 m wide) and the side streets are two m wide. The town was entered by two city gates: the Field Gate (Poljska vrata) has a Latin inscription and dates from 1506. The centres of the system are the fortress Veliki kaštio in Ston, Koruna in Mali Ston and the fortress on Podzvizd hill (224 m). Noted artist who work on the walls project are Michelozzo, Bernardino Gatti of Parma and Giorgio da Sebenico (Juraj Dalmatinac).
The city plan of Dubrovnik was used as a model for Ston, but since Ston was built on prepared terrain, that model was more closely followed than Dubrovnik itself.
Ian Plummer (USA) currently holds the world record for fastest run over the wall connecting Ston to Mali Ston. The record was set on June 15, 2019. While the female record was set by Cora Taylor (UK) on July 8th, 2019.
After a turbulent history and various rulings in 1333 Ston becomes an integral part of the Dubrovnik Republic. Along with Dubrovnik, Ston was economically and strategically the most important place in the Dubrovnik Republic and the second town in Europe that was built planned and it came from the salt that brought 1/3 of the income to the Dubrovnik Republic. To protect the pans monumental walls were built in the 14th and 15th century and they were a reflection to the Dubrovnik walls and the fortresses carry the same names. The largest enterprise during those times was the construction of two new towns as part of the Dubrovnik Republic – Ston and Mali Ston and a mile long wall between them with a tower on top of the hill (14th century). This is how the whole Pelješac peninsula was protected from potential attacks from the land in order to preserve the biggest value in the depths of the bay „Ston slat pans“ which for centuries produced sea salt which was the best selling product of the Dubrovnik Republic. The former value of Ston as the city of salt is confirmed even nowadays in the plant of the oldest active salt pans in the world.
|MY POST FROM 2017|
The tradition of harvesting salt has been passed on for over 4000 years and since then salt is produced in the same way with only the assistance of the sea, sun and wind.
Solana Ston consists of 58 pools divided into 5 groups as the whole sat producing process has to go through five stages which last one to two months depending on weather conditions.There are nine pools for the crystallization process and all but one Mundo (world) are named after saints (Francis, Nicholas, Balthazar, Anthony, Joseph, John, Peter and Paul). During the Dubrovnik Republic times the pools Blaise and Lazarus which have granite bottoms were also used and from which the purest salt was extracted and was then sent to the Wienna court. Salt is produced by a process of sea water evaporation in the big shallow pools of the salt pans and the harvest and salt production takes place during the summer months, more precisely from April to October. From the nine crystallization pools you can harvest about 500 tons of salt annually.In the Dubrovnik Republic during salt harvest time all the inhabitants of Ston and the surrounding areas that were of working age were involved in the harvest as salt production has always been of extraordinary economic importance.
Production, transport and trade of salt in the economic sense in Ston was of big importance and brought a profit of 15,900 gold coins per year to the Dubrovnik Republic which was the highest profit. Solana Ston with its present arrangement dating back to the Dubrovnik Republic times represents the complexity of the salt production from the Middle ages and is a top class historical monument and is a very popular tourist site. The method of salt production has not changed over the centuries and in such environmentally friendly and healthy conditions guarantees maintenance of excellent salt quality which meets all the needs of today's modern times.
Cats always seem to find you! Lovely post! Thanks for the facts and much much more! Beautfiul scarf with your outfit! Happy Weekend💗ReplyDelete
You've noticed it too! I was thinking of doing a special post about it.Delete
Looks lovely! Thanks for the epic post! Such a rich history! Lovely outfit too!ReplyDelete
I am loving your photos and these information about croatia.ReplyDelete
Genial recorrido por el pasado del blog. Te mando un beso. https://enamoradadelasletras.blogspot.com/ReplyDelete
Thanks for your informative sharing....ReplyDelete
Hey Ivana, hope you're having a fantastic season!ReplyDelete
I just love the way you take us to new places and talk us a little bit about curious data en cultural information. I haven't had the chance to travel lately so these pictures inspire me to dream about a future trips. Actually Croatia has been on my radar for a while, specially after all the tips you share in Moda Odaradosti.
Many of the pictures you share remind me a lot of the Mediterranean zone of Spain, where I live, but with a twist. I would love to see the narrow streets you mention and all those cutie cats. The miniature city also sounds good. Seems like I'll have to do a stop at Ston to discover all these beauties *_*
Best! And Happy Weekend!
❤️❤️❤️❤️ I can't wait to visit Spain again.Delete
What a stunning place Ivana! You do live in a most beautiful part of the world.Thank you so much for sharing your visit! xxxReplyDelete
Aw, loved that little cat! You look gorgeous and wow, what an amazing place, just soaked in history! Thank you so much for sharing this with us, Ivana!ReplyDelete
Love the little cat popping in to check out your cute outfit :) it's a shame you have been working so much, but nice that you got to spend a little time with family even if you could not stay for the festival.ReplyDelete
trvo sempre molto utili questi tuoi post: io sono stata in Croazia anni fa ma mi rendo conto che in pratica ho visto solo la costa e mi sono persa tante cose interessanti che, a saperlo prima, avrei tranquillamente potuto visitare!ReplyDelete
Bellissime foto, tu sempre molto elegante! :)
oh wow! it looks so beautiful! I definitely need to visit Croatia and soon. It looks so exotic! I like the outfit as well, it's very cute and well made, yet comfortable. Perfect travel combo to me.ReplyDelete
Very nice info, I didn't know that :DReplyDelete
Your outfit is lovely. I love the wonderful glittery sheen that your skirt has and it seems like it almost reflects the beautiful orange jacket- the scarf is a wonderful contrast to!ReplyDelete
I loved learning about Ston and I actually didn't realise that Hadrian's Wall was the longest! The church you were standing near was lovely too.
Interesting to hear about its salty history too. I remember visiting Salt mines in Austria and enjoying those too!
Sorry to hear you are so overworked but having to do so because of the cost of living - I really hope it isn't taking too much of a toll on your health. We have just started a week's holiday and I am SO grateful for this!
Did you stroke the cute kitty who is sidling up to you!x
P.S. I am sorry I haven't been to visit in a while. I have not been at all good at blog stuff recently!
P.S. I learnt about a British Actress called Indira Varma who I think reaaaaally looks like you!ReplyDelete
I'm not so sure about whether we really look alike, but thank you for the compliment.Delete